Hawaiʻian Monarchy 3


Kamehameha IV : Alexander Liholiho

Life: February 9 1834 - November 30, 1863

Royal Reign: December 15 1854 - November 30, 1863

Grandson of Kamehameha I

Kamehameha IV was known to have traveled to the U.S. and Great Britain with his brother Lot. He was noted to have favored British style over American due to the values for monarchy in Britain and the racial tensions he felt from Americans at that time. Affecting him more than his opinions about American on his trip to American was the missionaries in Hawai'i. At home in Hawai'i he faced challenges of foreign influence and a demand for immigrants to supplement the shrinking native Hawaiian population.

Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma had one son named Prince Albert Edward Kauikeaouli Leiopapa a Kamehameha.
At four years old the young prince died which was not only by the royal family but many native Hawai'ians as well. The loss of the young prince was taken so hard by Kamehameha IV it is said to be a contributing factor the Kings own death. Robert Crichton Wyllie acquired land near Hanalei on the north shore of Kaua'i, what was then his sugar plantation was named Princeville in honor of the young prince.

Kamehameha V : Lot Kapuaiwa

Life: December 11 1830 - December 11, 1872

Royal Reign: November 30, 1863 - December 11, 1872

Grandson of Kamehameha I

Kamehameha V was the last of the Kemehameha namesake. Faced with challenges of native population decline Lot was set to revise the Hawai'ian Constitution. His Constitution of 1864 was used in Hawai'i until the Bayonet Constitution of 1887. Besides political tasks he had goals to strengthen the power of the Hawai'ian Monarchy as well as the Hawai'ian people through cultural pride.

It was at this time he worked with Abraham Fornander (author of An Account of the Polynesian Race Its Origin and Migrations and the ancient history of the Hawaiian People to the times of Kamehameha I) , David Kalakaua (later King Kalakaua) and Lydia Dominis (later Queen Liliuokalani) to start to document Hawai'ian culture and heritage. He sent two ships into Polynesia but they only brought back fewer than 200 Polynesians. Most of the immigrants at the time of his reign were from Asia along with Europeans and Americans attracted to Hawai'i and its strong whaling and sugar industries.