Hawaiʻian Monarchy 4
William Charles Lunalilo
Life: January 31, 1835 - February 3, 1874
Royal Reign: January 8, 1873 - February 3, 1874
Grandson of Kamehameha I's brother Kaleimamahu
Lunalio was known as the "People Prince" and "Friendly Chief" he wanted to amend the Hawaiʻi constitution toward increased democracy and improve Hawaiʻi economy (whaling, sugar) but due to opposition and health his reign ended shortly after it began.
Life: November 16, 1836 - January 20, 1891
Royal Reign: February 12, 1874 - January 20, 1891
Kalākaua was well know for his interest in the revival of Hawaiʻian monarchy, culture, and pride. He toured his own islands own Hawaiʻi to speak to the lowest native Hawaiʻian population prior to European contact. He continued to pursue policies to benefit Hawaiʻi's economy, foreign interests and growing immigrant population of Hawaiʻi. He had Iolani Palace built and continued to revive the Hawaiʻian hula. The Merrie Monarch Hula Festival is named after him. Kalākaua also wrote Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī, the current state song of Hawaii and one if its historical national anthems.
Kalākaua sent his ship the Kaimiloa to Samoa to seek political alliance with another Polynesian nation. On June 15 1887 the Kaimiloa arrived in Apia Harbor. With the German presence at Apia Harbor, the Kaimiloa trip was nothing more than a visit. Before returning to Hawaiʻi a few Hawaiʻians left the Kaimiloa to reside on the Samoan Island Aunu'u and marrying Samoans.
Lydia Kamaka'eha Liliuokalani
Life: September 2, 1838 - November 11, 1917
Royal Reign: January 20, 1891 - 1893
Sister of David Kalākaua
Lydia Liliu Loloku Walania Wewehi Kamakaʻeha, Lydia Liliuokalani Paki, and also known as Lydia Kamakaʻeha Paki, with the chosen royal name of Liliʻuokalani, and later named Lydia K. Dominis
Writer of the song Aloha Aloha ʻOe which was orginally a love song, it is most remembered with her reign during the time of annexation of Hawaiʻi. On August 12 1898 the United States annexed Hawaiʻi and Queen Liliuokalani was the last Monarch of Hawaiʻi.