Tui Tonga


Tui Tonga in this article represents the ancient  lineage of the Tongan Monarchy.

The additions of the Sāmoan perspective are included only to document the historical links between Tonga and Sāmoa.

The first known Tui Tonga was Ahoʻeitu (known to Sāmoan as Asoʻaitu) who started this royal dynasty at about 900 AD - 950 AD. According to Tongan legends he was said to have been the son of the God Tangaloa and a Tongan woman. The Tongan royal families therefore trace their lineage to him.

Sāmoan accounts regarding the first Tui Tonga include the legend that prior to the first Tui Tonga, much of Tonga was ruled by Tui Manuʻa. Tui Manuʻa Tagaloa Aitumatupua (known to Tongans as Eitumātupua) and a Tongan Woman ʻIlaheva Vaʻepopua then had a son Asoʻaitu (known to Tongans as Ahoʻeitu) who began to rule over Tonga and later start the expansion of the Tui Tonga Empire in the Pacific.

Tonga was apart of a trade network between Fiji, Tonga and Sāmoa. Tui Tonga marriages also included Sāmoan women.

A theory on the Tatau Tonga is that Tongans would have Sāmoan Tufuga Tatau be given the status equivalent of Matapule to give the Tui Tonga their Tatau. This was a great honor as the Tui Tonga were believed to be sacred. Such duties that required physically touching a Tui Tonga were reserved for only a few.

Tui Tonga ruled over much of the South Pacific for an estimated 500 years including Sāmoa with the exception of the the Manuʻa Islands of Sāmoa ruled by Tui Manuʻa.

 After 500 years, when the Sāmoans finally cast out Tui Tonga from Sāmoa, Tui Tonga respectfully stated these words (Sāmoan version) "Ua Malie Toa, Malie Tau Ou te le toe sau i le auliuli tau, a o le auliuli folau O le a le toe sii mai se taua e Toga i Sāmoa; well fought brave warriors! In the future I shall not return here to fight, nut only pay friendly visits. Never more shall the Tongan wage war on the Sāmoans." The high title of Malietoa in Sāmoa originates from this.

Historically in peaceful times Tui Tonga, Tui Fiti, Tui Manuʻa, the Paramount chiefs of Sāmoa often intermarried and strengthened their trade network between the three nations of Tonga, Fiji and Sāmoa. In current times Tonga has good relations with both Sāmoa and American Sāmoa and leaders are often invited to each others ceremonies and special events.