Hawaiʻian Monarchy 2
This is the Hawaiʻian Monarchy from the Kamehameha Dynasty.
Kamehameha I : Paiʻea
Life: 1758? - May 8 1819
Royal Reign: 1810 - May 8 1819
King Kamehameha was born named Paiʻea, more commonly known as Kamehameha. Variations of his name include King Kamehameha, Kamehameha the Great, Kamehameha I, Tamehameha, Tameamea and Tamameamea.
Kamehameha is well known for being the first Hawaiʻian King on written record to have unified the Hawaiʻian Islands under single ruler in 1810 after King Kaumualiʻi of Kauai cedes his kingdom to Hawaiʻi. It was during his lifetime that Captain Cook and the first Europeans made contact with the people of Hawaiʻi. He used European weapons, tactics and allies (including Isaac Davis, John Young) to help him conquer other Hawaiʻian chiefs.
He is well known for the law of the Splintered Paddle (Kānāwai Māmalahoe, Māmalahoe Kānāwai) providing human rights and safety for non-warriors during wartime. This came from Kamehameha's reflections on his own violent actions against innocent Hawaiʻians during past battles and the fact that he was also hit by a paddle while his foot was stuck in a rock. Kemehameha was known to be the last Hawaiʻian monarch to rule and live completely with the values of the ancient Hawaiʻian traditions including the Kapu, and native Hawaiʻian spiritual beliefs.
Kamehameha II : Liholiho
Life: 1796 - July 14 1824
Royal Reign: May 8 1819 - July 14 1824
son of Kamehameha I
King Kamehameha II was born as Kalaninui Liholiho also known as Kalaninui Liholiho, ʻIolani Liholiho, Rihoriho Iolani, Liholiho ʻIolani.
Kamehameha II was the first King to end the practice of some of the old Hawaiʻian traditions. With Kaʻahumanu (a wife of Kamehameha I), they ended the ʻai kapu which forbid Hawaiʻian men and women from eating together. With the demand for change of the Hawaiʻian culture and beliefs by the Hawaiʻian people, Kamehameha II also had to deal with the rise of foreigners in Hawaiʻi. The foreigners brought various cultures, beliefs, values, opinions about the native Hawaiʻians as well as diseases that Hawaiʻians had not been exposed to and developed immunity to. Unfortunately both Kamehameha II his wife Queen Kamamalu fell ill with measles, pneumonia and died on a trip to England.
Kamehameha III : Kauikeaouli
Life: March 17 1814 - December 15 1854
Royal Reign: 1825 - December 15 1854
son of Kamehameha I
Kamehameha III is known to be the youngest and longest reign of the Kamehameha Dynasty. At the age of 11 he ascended the throne oh Hawaiʻi following the tragic death of his brother in England. He not only inherited the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi but the new challenges of a kingdom where traditions were changing with foreign influence, interests and power were growing. Within his reign was the great Mahele in 1848. Prior to the Great Mahele all lands were owned by the King. The Great Mahele created legal standards and ownership of lands by dividing royal lands between the King and konohiki (royal landlords). By 1850 Hawaiʻian commoners and foreigners were given the opportunity to own Hawaiʻian land.